Yamaha Model AV5-14SC 'Braviol' Student Violin
A perfect start for even the youngest players.
Fully hand-carved, the AV5's Spruce top, Maple neck, back & sides are seasoned & aged 5+ years. Upgraded Rosewood fittings not found on most instruments in this price range. Includes Brazilwood bow. Features a Wittner™ Tailpiece with 4 fine tuners. A perfect start for even the youngest players.
Yamaha Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate based in Japan with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics, motorcycles and power sports equipment. Yamaha has grown to become the world's largest manufacturer of musical instruments (including pianos, "silent" pianos, drums, guitars, brass instruments, woodwinds, violins, violas, celli, and vibraphones), as well as a leading manufacturer of semiconductors, audio/visual, computer related products, sporting goods, home appliances, specialty metals and industrial robots. Yamaha Corporation is also widely known for their music teaching programme that began in the 1950s.
Yamaha Violin AV5-14SC Benefiting Features
Yamaha Violin AV5-14SC Benefiting Specifications
|Level||Student. Made for those who are just starting out with playing and for those whose commitment to the instrument is uncertain and questionable.|
|Finishing||Oil Varnish, Hand Applied. For violin varnish, linseed oil and walnut oil are most often used in combination with resins. The oil is prepared by cooking or by exposing to air and sunlight. The resin is typically available as a solid, and is then "run" by cooking or literally melting it in a pot over heat without solvents. The thickened oil and prepared resin are then cooked together and thinned with turpentine into a brushable varnish.|
|Size||1/4 Size. Violin comes in 9 different sizes: 4/4 (also called full size), 3/4, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/10, 1/16, and 1/32. 4/4 size being the biggest and 1/32 size being the smallest. All adults, regardless of their size, use the 4/4 violin. There is another uncommon size which is 7/8. It is important for the player's comfort and to make sure that it fits the player very well.
|4/4||23 inches||11 years old to adult|
|3/4||22 inches||10-11 years old|
|1/2||20 inches||8-9 years old|
|1/4||18 1/2 inches||6-7 years old|
|1/8||16 1/2 inches||5 years old|
|1/10||15 inches||4 years old|
|1/16||14 inches||3 1/2 years old|
|1/32||13 inches||3 and younger|
To determine the correct size you need to know the length between your neck and the middle of the left-hand palm. For children in between two sizes using the measuring methods, consider that kids do go through growth phases and may outgrow a size so go for the larger size.
|Pegs||Rosewood Pegs. Rosewood has its own resin which can act as its own peg dope. They make excellent and long lasting pegs. If aged well, smoothed, evenly circular and tapered, and fitted correctly, either wood makes great pegs.|
|Tailpiece||Wittner™ Tailpiece. Wittner tailpieces are made in Germany, of either a light alloy metal or space-age composite material. A tailpiece is a component on many stringed musical instruments that anchors one end of the strings, usually the end opposite the end with the tuning mechanism the scroll, headstock, peghead, etc. Other materials include cast light metal, and composites including plastic.|
|Bow||Brazilwood Bow. Brazilwood has been the standard wood used in bows for a very long time. This strong wood has an attractive dark finish, warm tone and is strong, yet resilient.|
|Bow Rosin||D'Addario™ Piranito Rosin. All natural ingredients combined in a very special process make D'Addario™ Piranito Rosin perfect for either horsehair or synthetic hair bows. Handsome packaging fits nicely in cases and the unique plastic channel provides an easy grip for students.|
|Setup||Professional adjustment to meet and exceed MENC standards.|
VIOLIN GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola, cello and doublebass.
Parts of a Violin
Scroll - The scroll is the only part that has no effect on the sound of the instrument, serving a purely aesthetic purpose. It does allow room for considerable freedom of artistic licence, for example being shaped like a lions head instead of a scroll.
Pegs - The pegs are used to tune the instrument, allowing the strings to be tightened to raise the pitch or loosened to lower the pitch of a string. While they need to move to tune the instrument, they also need to stay put once correctly tuned.
Pegbox - Located above the neck, the pegbox is where the pegs are inserted and the strings are attached. The tightness and tuning of the strings are adjusted by the pegs in the pegbox.
Neck - The neck is the long piece of wood that sticks out from the body. Glued on top of the neck is the fingerboard. This is a smooth flat piece of wood where the musician presses down on the strings to make notes. Unlike a guitar, the fingerboard on a violin is smooth and has no frets.
Fingerboard - The fingerboard is traditionally made of ebony. It has a slight dip along the length of the fingerboard to allow the strings to vibrate freely without touching the fingerboard.
Strings - The violin has 4 strings all tuned to a fifth apart. They represent the notes G, D, A, and E. Strings are most commonly made of a steel or perlon core (perlon is a substance similar to nylon) wrapped in a metal such as aluminium or silver.
Body - The largest part of the violin is the hollow body. Its main function is to amplify the sound of the strings. The body is made up of the back, belly (top) and ribs (sides). The body is shaped like an hourglass.
F-Holes - On top of the body and on each side near the middle of the violin are the f-holes. These holes are where the sound of the violin comes out of the body. They are called f-holes because they resemble an f in italics. Changing the size, shape, and length of these holes can change the sounds of the violin.
Fine Tuners - Fine tuners can be inserted into the tailpiece so the player can make small pitch adjustments without needing to turn the tuning pegs. For beginners, it is recommended to place fine tuners on all four strings.
Bridge - The bridge is a hard piece of wood that the strings lay on top of. It's at the bridge that the strings stop vibrating and sound travels from the strings down into the body of the violin.
Tailpiece - Tailpieces can be found made of a variety of materials including ebony or rosewood, boxwood, or metal. The tailpiece is not fixed in place but held by the tension of the strings and the tailgut.
Chin Rest - At the bottom of the body is a chin rest which helps the musician to support the violin with their chin while playing.
Parts of a Bow
In music, a bow is moved across some part of a musical instrument, causing vibration which the instrument emits as sound. The vast majority of bows are used with string instruments, although some bows are used with musical saws and other bowed idiophones.
Tip or Point - The other end of the bow is called the tip, or point. The tip is the lightest and most fragile part of the bow.
Stick - The stick gives the bow strength and is where the violinist holds the bow. The stick of the bow is usually made of a hardwood, such as pernambuco, or brazilwood. Modern bows are also made from carbon fiber. Cheaper bows are often made of fiberglass.
Hair - The horse hair is what is rubbed against the strings to make vibrations and sound. The horse hair connects to the stick at the frog on one end and the point on the other.
Pad - The pad and wrapping protect the stick of the bow and assist the player in holding the bow.
Frog - Most frogs have an inlay, called the eye of the frog. The metal attachment at the end of the frog is called the ferrule.
Screw - The screw is found at one end of the bow and is used for tightening and loosening the hair.The hair is real horsehair taken from the tail. White hair is most commonly used. Black hair is sometimes used but is more coarse. Some players perfer a "salt and pepper" hair, which is somewhere between white and black in coarseness.
[Sources: Violin | Wikipedia; Violin Parts Guide | TheViolinGuide; Parts of the Violin | Ducksters; Parts of the Instrument and Bow | StringTechnique]
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