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You are here: Home > Trumpets > Trumpet Knowledge Center

Welcome to our Product Knowledge Center! Our team here at Instrumental Savings is excited to share with you all that we know about trumpets. Making an informed decision is critical to any investment and this is no exception. We will aim to answer the questions below in order to give you insight and recommendations on trumpets so that you can make a well-informed purchase.
Question Questions
•What is a trumpet and what are its parts?
•What are the different types of trumpet and which type is for me?
•Why do some trumpets cost more than others?
•Which brands make good trumpets?
•How do I take care of my trumpet once I have it?

Trumpet Parts
What is a trumpet and what are its parts?
The trumpet is a brass instrument. A brass instrument is such because of how it produces sound and not simply because it is made of brass. Instruments in the Brass family produce sound by the vibration of air in tubular resonators along with the vibration made by the player’s lips. Other popular brass instruments besides the trumpet are: French horns, trombones, tubas, cornets, flugelhorns, euphoniums, and sousaphones.To understand the trumpet more, it is important to know its parts and their functions.
Let’s take a look at the parts of a trumpet

Trumpet Mouthpiece – this is the part of the trumpet that comes into contact with the player’s lips. It is what the player buzzes into to produce sound from the trumpet. The mouthpiece has different parts namely the rim, cup, throat, backbore and shank.

Mouthpiece Anatomy
Rim – this is the part of the mouthpiece that comes directly into contact with the player’s lips. It is the circle that is made at the top of the mouthpiece. The shape of the rim offers different things to the player:
                                Wide Rim– increases endurance (helping the player play longer)
                                Narrow Rim– improves flexibility and range (helping the player play more notes)

Cup – this is the part of the mouthpiece that forces the air produced by the player to go into the backbore through its concave shape. The cup’s shape and depth offer different things to the player:
                                Deep Cup – darkens tone especially in low registers
                                Shallow Cup – brightens tone especially in high registers
                                Semi-Spherical Cup – makes notes that are easy to tell apart
                                Conical (or cone-shaped) Cup – makes notes that are harder to tell apart

Throat – this part of the mouthpiece determines how smooth the air flows in from the cup. The throat size offers different things for the player:
                  Large – increases volume and sharpens tones in both high and low registers
                  Small – increases resistance, endurance, and brilliance, but flattens high register tones

Backbore – this part of the mouthpiece is responsible for spreading or channeling the sound. The shape of the bore influences the sound it produces:
                               Conical backbore – makes the sound more “full”
                               Cylindrical backbore – makes the sound more “choppy”

Shank – this part of the mouthpiece is the long piece of hollow metal that extends from the cup and connects to the instrument
          Mouthpiece Anatomy
Bell – this is the part of the trumpet where the sound comes out from. Bells are made out of brass that is lacquered in either gold or silver. The lacquer makes a difference:
                             Gold Lacquer – will give a warmer and darker tone
                             Silver Lacquer – will give a brighter tone and more projection

Lead Pipe – this is the tube from the mouthpiece to the tuning slide.

Tuning Slide – this is the slide located at the end of the lead pipe opposite the mouthpiece and is where you can set your main tuning. For fine tuning, the valve slides are used.

Valve slides – the three valve slides of the trumpet take part in producing sound and with them, the player is able to control the pitch of the notes.

Valves – there are three valves in a trumpet. Each valve changes the air blown by the player to different slides. So when each valve is pressed down, it lowers the pitch of the instrument. Each valve has a different purpose:
                                  1st valve – lowers the highest note by a whole step
                                  2nd valve – lowers the highest note by a half step
                                  3rd valve – used to make notes in lower registers

Trumpet Parts

Valves can either be Piston or Rotary:

Piston Valve – this is the most commonly used valves for trumpets. In a piston valve, a cylindrical piston within a chamber moves laterally to open or close a pathway through the chamber.
•Rotary Valve – In a rotary valve, there is a plug that rotates within a chamber and the pathway is altered when it is engaged.

*Another type of valve that you may encounter when inquiring about trumpets is the Monel Valve.
Monel is a material that valves are made out of. This material is a nickel-copper and zinc alloy that is hard to get and manufacture (which makes it more expensive) but highly resistant to corrosion. The student model with monel value we recommend would be:
TYGENN 87PSL Professional Silver Bb Trumpet w/ Monel Valves
 RS Berkeley "University Series" UTR180 Student Bb Trumpet
Jupiter 606MRL Bb Deluxe Student Trumpet (Warranty until High School Graduation Included)
Jupiter 600L Bb Deluxe Trumpet (Warranty until High School Graduation Included)

Waterkey – this part of the trumpet opens a hole in the tube allowing water to drip out. Drops of water form in the tube from the player’s breath through condensation.

Finger Rings – allows the player to play the trumpet with just one hand. This is important so that the other hand of the player can be used to turn music sheets.

What are the different types of trumpets and which one is for me?

Now that we know what a trumpet is and what its parts are for, we can discuss what the different types of trumpets are. In finding the trumpet you need, you must first ask yourself what kind of trumpeter you are (beginner, intermediate, or professional). Here, we will go through the trumpeter levels and find suitable recommendations for each to help you determine which trumpet is best for you.

 Student Model Trumpet

The Student Trumpet

•Made for beginners and is more affordable
•Reasonable quality in craftsmanship (as compared to intermediate and professional trumpets that have better quality in craftsmanship)
•Designed for durability and for easy production of tone
•Manufactured in large quantities with some compromises on manufacturing in order to keep the trumpet’s price affordable

The Intermediate Trumpet

•Made for players that want something more advanced than a student trumpet but not quite ready yet for a professional level of trumpet
•Features better quality in material and craftsmanship
•These trumpets are usually silver-plated and come with better cases
•Some intermediate trumpets have a “seamless” bell for even vibrations in all registers
•More desirable with Monel valves

Recommendations for Intermediate Trumpets:

TYGENN TR-87 Intermediate Bb Trumpet
TYGENN TR-87SL Intermediate Bb Trumpet
Bach TR200 Series Bb USA Trumpet
King 2055T Silver Flair Series Bb Trumpet
Stagg 77-THG Trumpet w/ ABS Case
Yamaha YTR4335G Series Bb Intermediate Trumpet
RS Berkeley TP606S Artist Series Trumpet
RS Berkeley TP6541 Elite Series Trumpet
RS Berkeley TP6542S Signature Series Trumpet
Jupiter 1000S Intermediate Trumpet
Kanstul COL 103 Coliseum Marching Bb Trumpet In Silver Finish

Professional Trumpet

Professional Trumpets

•Made for the professional trumpeter and is best for those who are committed to playing the trumpet as they are a long term investment
•Available in different notes and not just in the usual Bb
•They are largely hand-made (which takes more time to make them) thus these trumpets cost more
•More options for valve slides as professional trumpets usually come with a 1st and 3rd valve slide triggers that are designed for fast adjustments (such as altering the pitch of notes) while playing  
•More desirable with Monel valves

Recommendations for Professional Trumpets:

TYGENN 87PSL Professional Silver Bb Trumpet w/ Monel Valves
TYGENN TR-87P Professional Bb Trumpet w/ Monel Valves
Bach 180S-37 Stradivarius Professional Trumpet
Bach LR180S-43 Stradivarius Professional Trumpet (Reverse Lead pipe)
Bach 180-37 Professional Bb Trumpet
Bach LR180-37 Professional Bb Trumpet
Yamaha YTR6335 Series Bb Professional Trumpet
Jupiter XO Trumpet 1600I [Lacquered Finish
Yamaha Artist "Chicago" Trumpet YTR9335CHS
Yamaha Artist Model "New York" Trumpet YTR9335NYS
Yamaha Custom Z Trumpet YTR8310Z
Yamaha Professional Trumpet YTR6335S (Silver)
Yamaha Professional Trumpet YTR6345G (Gold-Brass Bell)
Yamaha Xeno Trumpet YTR8335
Yamaha Xeno Trumpet YTR8335G [Gold-Brass Bell]
Yamaha Xeno Trumpet YTR8335GS
Yamaha Xeno Trumpet YTR8335RGS [Reverse Tuning Slide]
Jupiter 1604S Tribune XO Series Bb Trumpet

After discussing the different types of trumpets for each level, let’s take a look at other kinds of trumpet and what they’re about:

What keys mean what for trumpets

 Bb Trumpet

The B-flat or Bb Trumpet

•Most popular and commonly used trumpet
•Most trumpets (regardless of type or level) are Bb which makes it the standard
•Most trumpet music is written in the key of Bb
•Known for its warm tone and good response
•This trumpet is also good for beginners
•Frequently seen in Jazz ensembles, Rock bands, and Classical orchestras

Bb Trumpets

Jupiter 600L Bb Deluxe Trumpet
Bach 180S-37 Stradivarius Professional Trumpet
Yamaha YTR2335 Bb Trumpet

RS Berkeley "University Series" UTR180 Student Bb Trumpet
Selmer Line Prelude TR711 Student Trumpet

C Trumpet

•Second-most common type of trumpet after the Bb trumpet
•Slightly smaller than the Bb trumpet which gives it a brighter sound
•It is pitched differently from the Bb and has a different set of fingering
•Used in orchestral work since it is written in the same key as the piano, strings, and other orchestral instruments

Recommendations for
C Trumpets:

Stagg 77-CT C Trumpet Outfit w/ ABS Case
Bach Stradivarius C Trumpet 229 Bell [Reverse Leadpipe]
Conn 1B50C Vintage One Series C Trumpet Professional
Conn Professional C Trumpet 1B50CSP [Silver Finish]
Conn Professional C Trumpet 1BR50C [Rose Brass Bell]
Conn Professional C Trumpet 1BR50CSP [Rose Brass Bell/Silver Finish]
Jupiter XO C Trumpet 1624S [Silver Plating - Bonus Offer Included!]
Jupiter XO C Trumpet 1624S-R [Reverse Leadpipe - Bonus Offer Included!]
Bach Stradivarius C Trumpet C180L [Lacquer Finish
Bach C180L229PC Stradivarius C Trumpet Professional
Bach C180L239 Stradivarius C Trumpet Professional

Piccolo Trumpet

•Piccolo trumpet is the smallest trumpet and has a very high pitch
•They come in different keys but are most popular as a Bb instrument
•These trumpets are usually used for Baroque Classical music and Christmas-themed music

Recommendations for
Piccolo Trumpets:

Jupiter XO Piccolo Trumpet 1700S [Bonus Offer Included]
Yamaha Professional Piccolo Trumpet YTR6810S [Silver Finish]
Bach Stradivarius Piccolo Trumpet 196S [Silver Finish]
Bach 196 Stradivarius Piccolo Trumpet
Bach Stradivarius "Artisan Collection" Piccolo Trumpet AP190 [Lacquer Finish]
Yamaha Custom Piccolo Trumpet YTR9820C
Selmer 59BLF Harmony & Specialty Piccolo Trumpet
Yamaha Custom Piccolo Trumpet YTR-9835
Yamaha Custom Piccolo Trumpet YTR-9825
Yamaha Custom Rotary Valve Piccolo Trumpet YTR-988

Pocket Trumpet

•The Pocket Trumpet is a short Bb trumpet
•The tubes are tightly wound to make it concise and produce a unique tone quality that is articulate and warm
•Mostly used in marching bands because it is easy to carry and transport

Recommendations for
Pocket Trumpets:

Stagg 77-MTX Pocket Trumpet w/ Wide Bell & SOFT CASE
RS Berkeley PT624 Elite Series Pocket Trumpet
Jupiter Deluxe Bb Pocket Trumpet 416L
Jupiter Deluxe Bb Pocket Trumpet 416BL [Black Lacquer Finish]
Kanstul CCT 905 Custom Class Series Bb Pocket Trumpet In Lacquer Finish

Less popularly, other trumpets also come in D, E-flat, E, F, G or A

Why do some trumpets cost more than others?

Varying prices according to level

Prices of trumpets according to their level will vary. Student trumpets are built more inexpensively because they do not have the same quality of craftsmanship that the intermediate or professional trumpets have. Also, Intermediate and especially professional trumpets cost more because they have more features to suit the more complex needs and tastes of more experienced players.

Varying prices according to finish

Gold/Lacquered Trumpets


Prices of trumpets also vary because of their finish. All trumpets come in either lacquered brass (gold-colored) or silver-plated exteriors. Student trumpets are mostly in lacquered brass because they are cheaper to manufacture than silver. Most companies do not see the need in investing their resources on student instruments which why is they are usually made in lacquered brass. So since silver-plated exteriors cost more to manufacture, they are more costly trumpets.

It is important to note that the finish of a trumpet also affects its sound. Lacquered brass will produce a slightly warmer and darker sound than a silver-plated trumpet. While silver-plated trumpets produce a brighter and more resonant sound.

Which brands make good trumpets?

Tygenn Trumpets
•All handmade in the USA
•Same quality as Bach but more than half the price
•Student/Teacher approved instruments

Bach Trumpets
•All USA made in Indiana
•Played in most professional orchestras and in high school and college ensembles
•Leading #1 brand in orchestral horns in the United States
•Known for making different models of trumpets with various combinations of parts (such as lead pipes and bells)

See all
Bach Trumpets

Yamaha Trumpets
•Construction quality is first-rate and consistent
Known for making a line of limited production Artist model trumpets.
They have the largest stable of artists and tend to listen to their comments about design 

See all
Yamaha Trumpets

Conn Trumpets
•Like Bach, they are known for making various combinations of parts for models
•Like Yamaha, they are a large corporation with huge product lines making it easier to find and purchase their horns

See all
Conn Trumpets

Kanstul Trumpets
•Has been manufacturing trumpets for over 40 years
•Emphasize heavier builds and darker sounds

See all
Kanstul Trumpets

How do I take care of my trumpet once I have it?
Trumpet Care Kit
Keeping your trumpet well-maintained is very important in order to keep it clear-sounding. To prevent dents on your trumpet, always keep it in the case when it is not in use. Most trumpets available for purchase come with cases for them so finding a case will not be a problem. Lubricating your trumpet is also very important. Valve oil should be used to keep the valves well-lubricated. Do this whenever the instrument is played or as often as you can. It is also recommended to wipe or clean the mouthpiece regularly with a mouthpiece brush and cleaning snake. To clean the entire trumpet, you can soak it in soapy water for 15 minutes and then proceed to wiping its parts with special brushes and leaving them to dry.

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